Vowels with changing-mutation (Umlaut - with two dots on top) is read more narrowly (with more narrow mouth) than usual vowels:

schon (already) - sch?n ('шён' - nice)
Zug (train) - Z?ge ('цюгэ' - trains)

"A Umlaut" is read as э: S?le - halls
Y (юпсилон) is read as ?: Lyrik.

Letter combination of  vowels.

Weimar (ай) - (city) Weimar, Liebe (и) - love (underlined vowel means long vowel), heute (ой) - today, H?user (ой)- houses.

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